• Italian

Advanced Forming & Manufacturing

Contact person

Gianfranco Palumbo

Competencies and research activities

The AF&M-lab is part of the network of laboratories of the research group on Materials and Innovative Technology (“SMATIgroup”) whose member operate in the scientific area Manufacturing Systems and Technologies (ING-IND/16). The above mentioned network of laboratories is composed by the laboratory of: Physical Simulation of Manufacturing processes (PhySiMaP-Lab), Optimization of Manufacturing Processes by Numerical Simulations (ManOnSim), Metallography and Microscopy (OMM) and Thermo-Physical Characterization of Post-Formed Polymers. All the laboratories are located in Viale Japigia 182 – Bari – Italy (DMMM) 
The AF&M-lab is equipped with facilities suitable for the investigation of conventional and innovative sheet metal forming processes, like:
Electro Hydraulic combo press machine (4000 kN) for warm Hydroforming (max pressure: 350bar; max temperature: 300°C) and Superplastic Forming (max pressure: 30bar; max temperature: 1000°C)
Electro Discharge Machine Agie Charmilles (plunge type) for die manufacturing 
Nabertherm Furnace for thermal treatments using inert gas (max temperature: 1280°C)
Micrograph facilities for specimen preparation
Microscopes multi-zoom Nikon AZ100M equipped with an image acquisition and data analysis system (Camera Nikon DS-Fi1 with software NIKON ELEMENTS D)
Inverted Metallurgical Microscope Nikon MA200 equipped with an image acquisition and data analysis system (Camera Nikon DS-Fi1 with software NIKON ELEMENTS D)
Micro Harness tester HighWood (Vickers/Knoop)
Roughness tester Mitutoyo SJ 401
Multi processors workstations (2 x equipped with an image acquisition and data analysis system (Camera Nikon DS-Fi1 with software NIKON ELEMENTS D)16cores) for FE simulations

Using a numerical-experimental approach based on the mechanical and deformative behavior (using the facilities in PhySiMaP-Lab and OMM-lab) and on the Finite Element simulations (using the facilities in ManOnSim), in the AF&M-lab can be investigated innovative manufacturing processes characterized by the use (even combined) of laser sources, flexible media (pressurized gas or oil) and warm/hot working conditions, like:
Sheet Hydroforming, in cold (SHF) and warm (WHF) condition; 
HydroMechanical Deep Drawing (HMDD); 
SuperPlastic Forming (SPF);
Warm Deep Drawing (WDD); 
Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF). 
The investigated materials are: deep drawing steels (HMDD), aluminum alloys (SHF, WHF, WDD, SPF), Magnesium alloys (WDD, SPF), Titanium alloys (SPIF, SPF). 
Currently in the AF&M-lab are conducted research activities financed by the Italian Ministry of Education, Universities and Research Government and by private companies aimed at investigating: (i) the SPF process for producing highly customized biomedical Titanium prostheses; (ii) the warm forming process for producing parts for railways applications; (iii) the adoption of tailor heat treated blanks for stamping complex shaped aluminum components at room temperature .


Collaborations with companies and institutions

- Fontana Group (attivo un Accordo Quadro dal 2015);
- Omer spa (attivo un Accordo Quadro dal 2016 ed una convenzione di dottorato);
- Master / MasterLab (attivo un Accordo Quadro dal 2016);
- Centro Sviluppo Materiali, Roma (attivo un Accordo Quadro dal 2016);
- Gigant, Bologna  (attivo un Accordo Quadro dal 2016);
- Nuovo Pignone - Bari;
- Enginsoft, Mesagne (Brindisi);
- Calabrodental / Tecnologica, Crotone;
- Ceramed, Loures (Portugal);
- Università degli studi della Basilicata;
- Politecnico di Milano;
- Università della Calabria;
- Università di Bologna;
- University of Mugla, Turkey;
- Institute for Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Science;
- University West, Sweden;
- University Medical Center, Utrecht (The Netherlands).